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"Experientia docet" - Experience is the best teacher

Supplemental chromium-loaded chitosan nanoparticles affect growth, serum metabolites and intestinal histology in broilers

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
S.K. Tahir, M.S. Yousaf, M.A. Rashid, A.F. Khan, S. Ahmad, H. Zaneb, I. Khan & H. Rehman Page: 1072 - 1082

The goal of the present research was to evaluate the effects of chromium-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (Cr-CNPs) on production performance, viscera development, serum metabolites and intestinal histology in broilers. Two hundred (200) day-old broilers were randomly divided into five groups with…

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Effects of dietary beef tallow on performance, rumen fermentation, carcass traits and meat quality of growing lambs

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
S. López-Aguirre, J.M. Pinos-Rodríguez , J.G. Vicente, H. Lee Rangel, A. de la Cruz, & I.A. Domínguez-Vara Page: 1063 - 1071

Growing lambs were evaluated for the effect of increasing dietary levels of beef tallow (BT) on performance, rumen fermentation, and carcass and meat characteristics. Twenty-one 5-month-old male Rambouillet lambs were assigned randomly to one of three diets with 0, 20,…

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Response of growing chicks to supplementation of low protein diets with leucine, valine and glycine-glutamic acid

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
SH. Golzar Adabi, N. Ceylan, İ. Çiftci, & A. Ceylan Page: 1047 - 1062

This experiment was conducted to determine the interaction effects that resulted from supplementation of low-protein diets with leucine (Leu), valine (Val), and glycine-glutamic acid (Gly-Glu) on growing broiler chicks from 11 to 24 days old. Two levels of digestible Leu…

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Genetic improvement of sow longevity and its economic impact on commercial pork production

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
B.E. Mote, T.V. Serenius, C. Supakorn, & K.J. Stalder Page: 1036 - 1046

Sow longevity (sow productive lifetime) plays an important role in economically efficient piglet production. Direct selection for sow longevity is not commonly practiced in any pig-breeding program. In recent years, an increased number of peer reviewed articles addressing the economic…

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Carryover effects of varying hay concentration on the transition to silage-based feeding of weaned dairy calves

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
Z.A. Qamar, M.A. Rashid, T.N. Pasha, M.I. Malik, A. Saleem, M. Raza, H.U. Rehman & M.S. Yousaf Page: 1028 - 1035

Objectives of the experiment were to determine effects of dietary hay concentration in a dry total mixed ration and its carryover effects on intake, growth performance, faecal score, and feed efficiency of weaned dairy calves. Eighteen Friesian × Jersey weaned…

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Genetic diversity and differentiation among Korean-Holstein, Hanwoo, and Uganda-Holstein breeds

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
G. Bigirwa, D. Kim, O. Acai, C. Na, J. Oh & K. Song Page: 1021 - 1027

The aim of this research was to assess genetic diversity of Korean-Holstein, Korean Hanwoo, and Ugandan-Holstein dairy cattle. DNA was extracted from either blood or hair of Korean-Holstein (n=74), Korean-Hanwoo (n=75) and Ugandan-Holstein (N=77) using AccuPrep® PCR purification kit. The…

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Microbial additives affect silage quality and ruminal dry matter degradability of avocado (Persia Americana) pulp silage

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
B.D. Nkosi, R. Meeske, M.C. Muya, T. Langa, R.S. Thomas, I.M.M. Malebana, M.D. Motiang, & J.A. van Niekerk Page: 997 - 1007

This study evaluated effects of microbial inoculation on fermentation, aerobic stability and ruminal dry matter (DM) degradation of silage produced from Avocado (Persia Americana) pulp (AP). The AP, 800 g/kg fresh matter (FM) was mixed with 150 g grape pumice…

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Effects of pasture type and level of concentrate supplementation on quality and fatty acid profile of lamb meat

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
J.A. Rossatti, F.M. Vargas Junior, M. Retore, G.D.V. Britez, M.C. Silva, T. Fernandes, A.R.M. Fernandes & M. Mele Page: 984 - 996

Objectives of this study were to evaluate effects of grazing tropical forage species and level of supplementation with grain on characteristics of lamb meat. Ninety-day-old lambs (n = 36) (22.54 ± 2.72 kg) were randomly assigned to a 2 x…

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Bromide: A potential risk to livestock production in South Africa

  • 2019
  • Issue: 6
  • Volume: 49
N.H. Casey, H.L. Lucht & B. Reijnders Page: 977 - 983

Bromide (Br-) concentrations (mg/L) in groundwater range from no observed adverse effect levels (NOAEL), which is considered safe, and increase to constituent of concern (COC) when the concentrations approach the recommended maximum levels for safety, and to potentially hazardous chemical…

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Effects of fermented wheat-rice distillers dried grains with solubles on meat quality and amino acid profile in broilers

  • 2019
  • Issue: 5
  • Volume: 49
C. Yang, X. Tang, H. Yang, Q. Tang, J. Tang & D. Bin Page: 957 - 965

The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of replacing distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) with fermented DDGS (FDDGS) on meat quality and serum amino acid profiles in Chinese yellow broilers. Forty-eight 42-day-old male Chinese yellow broilers…

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Use of a hydroalcoholic extract of Salix alba L. bark powder in diets of broilers exposed to high heat stress

  • 2019
  • Issue: 5
  • Volume: 49
M. Saracila, T.D. Panaite, C. Soica, C. Tabuc, M. Olteanu, C. Predescu, C.M. Rotar & R.D. Criste Page: 944 - 956

A study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary hydroalcoholic willow bark extract powder (HWE) supplemented to broilers (14–42 days old) that were exposed to heat stress, on the performance, serum biochemical parameters, liver oxidative status and caecal microflora.…

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Safflower seeds in the diet of feedlot lambs improved fat carcass, colour, and fatty acid profile of the meat

  • 2019
  • Issue: 5
  • Volume: 49
M.S. Ferreira, R.H.T.B. Goes, A.C. Martinez, J.R. Gandra, A.R.M. Fernandes, W.A. Gonçales Júnior, C.A.L. Cardoso, K.C.S. Brabes & O.R. Machado Neto Page: 922 - 933

The aim of this study was to evaluate intake, performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of lambs fed finishing diets containing 0%, 7.5% and 15% safflower seeds (Carthamus tinctorius) as a replacement for corn and soybean meal. Thirty-six male lambs…

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Effects of electrical stimulation and age at slaughter on carcass and meat quality of two Sudanese Baggara beef types

  • 2019
  • Issue: 5
  • Volume: 49
A.D.A. Biraima, A.M. Mohammed & E.C. Webb Page: 904 - 913

This study aimed to evaluate the influences of electrical stimulation (ES), age at slaughter, and breed type on muscle pH, the decline in carcass temperature, and meat quality attributes of Sudanese indigenous Baggara cattle. Eighty Baggara bulls, representative of Nyalawi…

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