This study evaluated the effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and factors such as body condition score (BCS), cyclicity, and breeding season in a controlled internal drug release (CIDR)-based oestrus synchronization protocol on ovarian follicle dynamics, oestrus expression, ovulation rate, and pregnancy per artificial insemination (AI) (P/AI) in Nili-Ravi buffalo. Adult buffaloes (n = 88), 6.69 ± 1.17 years, parity 3.36 ± 0.97, and BCS 2.76 ± 0.45, were randomly administered eCG or saline, concurrent with prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) treatment on Day 6 in a CIDR synchronization protocol during the breeding season and low breeding season. Follicular dynamics and oestrus expression were recorded from eCG administration until ovulation. Fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) was performed at 48- and 60-hour intervals after CIDR withdrawal. On Day 35 post-AI, pregnancy was diagnosed with ultrasonography. There was no significant difference in the size of the ovulatory follicle between eCG-treated buffaloes (ETB) and saline-treated buffaloes (STB). The growth rate of the dominant follicle, oestrus response and intensity, ovulation, and P/AI were higher (P <0.05) in eCG-treated buffaloes. It was concluded that eCG improved the growth rate of the dominant follicle, oestrus expression, and P/AI in a CIDR-based FTAI programme in Nili-Ravi buffalo. The deleterious effects of poor BCS, acyclicity, and low breeding season could be reduced with a progesterone-based fixed time AI protocol with the addition of eCG.
"Experientia docet" - Experience is the best teacher