Effect of long-term, exogenous administration of oxytocin on milk production, composition, somatic cell count, and progesterone in postpartum Nili-Ravi buffalo

Author: S. Murtaza, A. Sattar, N. Ahmad, I. R. Khan, M. Ijaz, T. Ahmad, A. A. Farooq, M. A. Basit, M. A. Javid, M. U. Saleem, J. Ahmad, A. Zia & B. Azam
Year: 2024
Issue: 1
Volume: 54
Page: 37 - 46

This study sought to explore the effect of the administration of long-term, exogenous oxytocin on buffalo milk. In this study, newly-calved postpartum buffaloes (Nili-Ravi) (n = 24) were divided equally into three groups: (control without oxytocin – CON, 10 i.u. oxytocin – LOW, 30 i.u. oxytocin – HIGH). Oxytocin was injected twice a day before each 154-day milking. Milk production, milk composition, somatic cell counts, and progesterone (P4) were evaluated daily, weekly, and fortnightly, respectively. Results revealed that the HIGH group produced high milk production and pH values, but lower milk density than the CON and LOW groups. The HIGH group and LOW group had higher milk fat and solid-not-fat (SNF) compared to the CON group. SNF and protein were higher in the LOW group than the CON group. Freezing point, lactose, solids, somatic cell count, and P4 were similar in all three groups. Overall, it can be concluded that long-term, exogenous oxytocin has a positive effect on milk production, fat, SNF, and protein, with a negative effect on milk pH. None of the oxytocin treatments affected somatic cell counts and P4 concentration in postpartum buffalo milk.

Keywords: Buffalo, Exogenous, milk, oxytocin, postpartum, quality, quantity
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