Poultry in rural households are found in all developing countries. They play a vital role in many poor rural households as means of providing and ensuring food security. The aim of the study was to determine the sustainability of production and production constraints of poultry farming in Fetakgomo Local Municipality. A total of thirty poultry farmers were randomly selected from 11 poultry projects and were interviewed by using a prepared questionnaire. The data were entered in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software and organized in tables and figures and further described and analysed following descriptive statistics. Results show that the majority of respondents (86.7%) do not have footbaths aiming to prevent the spreading of disease. Most (87%) of farmers do not see the poultry projects being sustainable. Furthermore, 73% of farmers see the community as the main market. The paper recommends that farmers should consider looking for markets outside the community for sustainable production. Extension services should assist them in this regard. The paper recognizes the role extension services can play in promoting health in poultry houses which should encourage farmers to increase production. Extension services may provide a link between farmers and suppliers of feed, chicks, production equipment and market outlets in order to encourage sustainability. The study found that small scale poultry farming is not sustainable in its current form in the Fetakgomo Local Municipality unless different strategies are applied.