Village chickens in Botswana have been poorly characterised to date. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to find the effects of village, sex, scholastic qualification and age of farmers on rearing of backyard chickens that phenotypically show naked neck (Na) and Dwarfism (Dw) genes in Kgatleng District of Botswana. One hundred farmers from ten villages who rear village/backyard chickens were interviewed. There were 1676 chickens counted from these villages, out of which 8.41 and 4.00% had Na and Dw genes respectively. The frequency of Na and Dw genes did not differ significantly between villages. Sex, scholastic qualification and age did not significantly affect rearing of any chicken phenotype. Both the Na and Dw genes have production advantages over the normal chickens, so great attention should be paid to them so that in the longer run they do not become extinct. This calls upon proper characterisation of chicken genetic resources in Botswana with the view of conserving the diverse genotypes for future generations and production.