Quality of ram semen cryopreserved in egg yolk extender supplemented with myricetin

Author: L.C.P. Arruda, R.A.J.A. Silva, F.C.C. Mergulhão, M.M. Monteiro, J.A.S. Costa, A.M. Batista, P.L.J. Monteiro Júnior, D.C.M. Seal & M.M.P. Guerra
Year: 2022
Issue: 1
Volume: 52
Page: 77 - 89

The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the antioxidant myricetin to protect ovine spermatozoa during freezing-thawing. Five semen pools, obtained from four rams, were diluted and frozen in Tris-egg yolk extender (5% glycerol) supplemented with myricetin at 0, 20, 30, 40, 100, 200, 300, and 400 nM. After thawing at 37 °C for 30 seconds and incubation (37 °C) for two hours, these variables were measured: kinematics, plasma and acrosome membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, lipid peroxidation and membrane stability. There was no interaction between treatment and time, and no direct effect of treatments for the kinematics parameters (P ≥0.09; P ≥0.2113, respectively) and flow cytometry (P ≥0.41; P ≥ 0.52, respectively). The means of progressive motility, curvilinear velocity, straight-line velocity, average path velocity, linearity, amplitude of lateral head displacement, percentage of intact plasma membrane and acrosome membrane, oxidative stress and membrane stability were reduced during incubation (P ≤0.04), whereas the cross-beat frequency increased (P =0.0001) throughout incubation. Thus, the addition of myricetin to the semen extender does not produce an antioxidant effect on ram semen in vitro.

Keywords: antioxidant, cryopreservation, flavonoids, sheep, Sperm
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