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Effect of additives on fermentation characteristics, nutrient values and in vitro fermentation profile of Neolamarckia cadamba leaf silage

  • 2019
  • Issue: 4
  • Volume: 49
L. He, C. Wang, W. Zhou, Q. Zhang & X. Chen Page: 644 - 653

This study was designed to investigate the effects of additives on the ensiling characteristics of Neolamarckia cadamba leaf (NCL) silage. The NCL were allocated to six ensiling treatments, namely control (C-S), uncompacted (UC-S) (negative control), with the addition of sodium…

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Antioxidant activity and duodenum transporter gene expression in quail fed citric acid

  • 2019
  • Issue: 4
  • Volume: 49
T.P. Santana, J.A.S. Jesus, M.S. Bastos, A.S. Nunes, G.M. Oliveira Júnior, C.S. Nascimento, L.T. Barbosa, C.O. Brito, E. Gasparino & A.P. Del Vesco Page: 636 - 643

The study aimed to evaluate the effects of citric acid supplementation on the performance and the gene expression in the duodenum of Japanese quail. Genes related to antioxidant activity: superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase 7 (GPX7); and genes related…

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Genetic diversity and population structure of Turkish native cattle breeds

  • 2019
  • Issue: 4
  • Volume: 49
Y. Öner, O. Yılmaz, C. Eriş, N. Ata, C. Ünal & S. Koncagül Page: 628 - 635

Cattle are an important livestock species for human life, but certain breeds are at risk of extinction. Maintaining genetic diversity plays an important role in sustainable breeding and conservation programmes in farm animals. The aim of this study was to…

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Aluminosilicates and yeast-based mycotoxin binders: Their ameliorated effects on growth, immunity and serum chemistry in broilers fed aflatoxin and ochratoxin

  • 2019
  • Issue: 4
  • Volume: 49
M.Y. Farooqui, A. Khalique, M.A. Rashid, S. Mehmood & M.I. Malik Page: 619 - 627

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of commercial toxin binders on growth performance, organ morphology, immunity and serum biochemistry in broilers. Dietary treatments consisted of the negative control (NC): experimental diet with aflatoxin B1 <20 parts…

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Effects of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes on the ruminal fermentation of agro-industrial by-products

  • 2019
  • Issue: 4
  • Volume: 49
K. Abid, J. Jabri, Y. Beckers, H. Yaich, A. Malek, J. Rekhis & M. Kamoun Page: 612 - 618

This research was performed to evaluate the effects of increasing doses of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes (EFE), namely at 0 (control), 1 (low), 2 (medium) and 4 (high) μL/g dry matter (DM), on the ruminal fermentation of low-quality agro-industrial by-products, grape…

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Effect of shackling, electrical stunning and halal slaughtering method on stress-linked hormones in broilers

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
I. Zulkifli, Z. Wakiman, A.Q. Sazili, Y.M. Goh, A. Jalila, Z. Zunita & E.A. Awad Page: 598 - 603

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of shackling and halal slaughter with head-only electrical stunning (ES) using water bath or no stunning (NS) on plasma levels of adrenaline (AD), noradrenaline (NAD) and corticosterone (CORT) levels of…

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Ammonia levels on in vitro degradation of fibrous carbohydrates from buffel grass

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
J.A. Santana Neto, J.S. Oliveira, C.J.B. Oliveira, E.M. Santos, E.C.B. Costa, C.A.S. Saraiva & R.M.A. Pinho Page: 585 - 597

This study was carried out to examine the degradation dynamics of neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and the profile of volatile fatty acids that originate from the fermentation of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris, L.) with various levels of ammonia in the…

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Impacts of dietary inclusion of dried brewers’ grains on growth, carcass traits, meat quality, nutrient digestibility and blood biochemical indices of broilers

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
E.A. Ashour, M.E. Abd El-Hack M.M. El-Hindawy, A.I. Attia, A.O. Osman, A.A. Swelum, A.N. Alowaimer, I.M. Saadeldin & V. Laudadio Page: 573 - 584

The current investigation aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary inclusion of dried brewers’ grains (DBG) on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality, nutrient digestibility, blood biochemical constituents and antioxidant indices of broiler chickens. A total of 300 unsexed one-week-old…

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Impacts of supplementing broiler diets with a powder mixture of black cumin, Moringa and chicory seeds

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
M. Arif, Z. Hayat, M.E. Abd El-Hack, M. Saeed, H.M. Imran, A.N. Alowaimer, I.M. Saadeldin, A.E. Taha & A.A. Swelum Page: 564 - 572

The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of a phytogenic mixture in the diet on broiler production. A total of 400 day-old unsexed Cobb broiler chicks were randomly allotted to four treatment groups of 10 replications in a randomised…

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Metabolic profile and histopathology of kidneys and liver of lambs fed silages of forages adapted to a semi-arid environment

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
F.S. Campos, G.G.P. Carvalho; E.M. Santos, G.G.L. Araújo, R.A. Rebouças, A. Estrela-Lima, M.L.G.M.L. Araujo, J.S. Oliveira, G.C. Gois & A.L.R. Magalhães Page: 555 - 563

Thirty-two mixed-breed ram lambs (average age, 5.6 ± 0.4 months, and average live weight, 17.61 ± 2.63 kg) were used to evaluate the effect of diets containing silages of forages adapted to a semi-arid environment on the metabolic profile in…

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Effect of litter type and perches on footpad dermatitis and hock burn in broilers housed at different stocking densities

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
K. Matković, D. Marušić, M. Ostović, Ž. Pavičić, S. Matković, A. Ekert Kabalin & H. Lucić Page: 546 - 554

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of litter type and environmental enrichment on the occurrence of footpad dermatitis and hock burns in broilers housed at low and high stocking densities. Chopped straw and sand were used…

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Fermentation characteristics and chemical composition of elephant grass silage with ground maize and fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
H.F.C. Bezerra, E.M. Santos, J.S. Oliveira, G.G.P. Carvalho, R.M.A. Pinho, T.C. Silva, G.A. Pereira, M.R. Cassuce & A.M. Zanine Page: 522 - 533

This study aimed to evaluate the microbial populations, fermentation profile, dry matter recovery and chemical composition of elephant grass silage with ground maize (GM) and the fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (FJLB). A factorial design was used with…

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Performance and egg quality of laying hens fed different dietary levels of cashew nut shell liquid

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
N.M. Braz, E.R. Freitas, M.T.S. Trevisan, R.P.R. Salles, C.E.B. Cruz, N.N.P. Farias & P.H. Watanabe Page: 513 - 521

Organic acids have stood out as alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters, especially those extracted from plants, such as anacardic acid, which is present in cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL). This study evaluates the effects of CNSL as a source of…

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Effects of different probiotics on the gut microbiome and metabolites in the serum and caecum of weaning piglets

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
X. Chen, Y.Z. Liu, N. Demelash, J.N. Dong, J. Xiao, W. Zhao, M. Lang, Z.Y. Han, X.F. Zhang, T. Wang, Z. Sun, Y.G. Zhen & G.X. Qin Page: 494 - 504

The objective of the study was to determine the effects of antibiotics, yeast culture (YC), and Lactobacillus culture (LC) on the gut microbiome and metabolites in the serum and caecum of weaning piglets. Twenty-four weaning piglets were divided into four…

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Responses of chemical composition, amino acid and fatty acid profiles of breast muscle to dietary crude fibre levels in China Micro-Ducks

  • 2019
  • Issue: 3
  • Volume: 49
S.P. Wang, D.M. Luo, G.W. Liu, M.J. Yin, C.F. Zhou, X.L. Zhao & Y.B. Guo Page: 485 - 493

The effects of dietary crude fibre (CF) levels on the chemical composition, amino acid (AA) and fatty acid (FA) profiles of breast muscle in male China Micro-ducks (21 - 56 d) were investigated in this study. The birds were randomly…

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