Known environmental effects influencing type trait scores in South African Jersey cattle were identified. Variance components and heritabilities were estimated for these traits as well as genetic correlations among them and with production traits. Heritability estimates were generally low to medium. It is suggested that hoof and leg traits be excluded due to low estimated heritabilities and/or coefficients of variation. Genetic correlation estimates suggested that selection for production yield should improve most type traits and vice versa. Estimation of breeding values and fitting a multiple trait model is suggested.
"Experientia docet" - Experience is the best teacher