Muscle specific RING finger protein-1 (MuRF1) is a member of the muscle specific RING finger protein family, and it is specifically expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle tissues and is involved in myocyte differentiation, development and morphogenesis. In this study the complete open reading frame (ORF) of the porcine MuRF1 gene consisting of 354 amino acids was obtained and it shared 93% and 90% identity with those of the human and mice, respectively. Using the INRA radiation hybrid panel (IMpRH) technique, the MuRF1 gene was assigned to SSC6q21-26, closely linked to microsatellite markers SW1823 and SW709. The tissue distribution patterns revealed that MuRF1 mRNA was exclusively expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle tissues. Real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) results displayed that MuRF1 mRNA was up-regulated in Landrace pigs during the prenatal skeletal muscle development stages. A synonymous T/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was identified in MuRF1 exon 3 and then a Hin6I PCR – RFLP was developed for SNP genotyping in two pig populations. Association of the genotypes with growth and carcass traits showed that different genotypes of MuRF1 were genetically significantly associated with average daily gain from birth to 90 kg and loin muscle area in one experimental population. The study suggested that the porcine MuRF1 gene might affect muscle growth and development, and could be a potential candidate gene for muscle production traits in the pig.